When it comes to garage door springs, they are one of the most crucial components. They are responsible for the smooth and efficient movement of the door, and if they fail, it can cause serious safety hazards. This is why it’s essential to have a basic understanding of garage door springs and how they work. In this ultimate guide, we will take a comprehensive look at garage door springs, their types, functions, maintenance, and repair.
Types of Garage Door Springs
There are two types of garage door springs: torsion springs and extension springs. Torsion springs are typically used for heavier doors and are mounted above the door opening. Extension springs are used for lighter doors and are mounted on the sides of the door.
Torsion springs are designed to counterbalance the weight of the garage door. They work by twisting and untwisting to store and release energy. Torsion springs are typically made of steel and come in different sizes and lengths, depending on the weight and size of the door. They have a cycle life of around 10,000 to 20,000 cycles, which means they can last up to 7-12 years with average use.
Extension springs are also designed to counterbalance the weight of the garage door, but they work differently from torsion springs. They stretch and contract to store and release energy. Extension springs are usually made of steel and come in different sizes and lengths, depending on the weight and size of the door. They have a cycle life of around 5,000 to 10,000 cycles, which means they can last up to 4-6 years with average use.
Functions of Garage Door Springs
Garage door springs play a crucial role in the functioning of the garage door. They counterbalance the weight of the door and make it easier to open and close. Without springs, the door would be too heavy to lift manually, and the opener would struggle to lift it. The springs also help prevent the door from slamming shut, which can cause damage to the door and the opener.
Maintenance of Garage Door Springs
Proper maintenance of garage door springs can extend their lifespan and prevent accidents. Here are some tips for maintaining garage door springs:
Visual Inspection: Regularly inspect the springs for signs of wear and tear, such as rust, cracks, or deformations. If you notice any issues, have the springs replaced immediately.
Lubrication: Apply a lubricant to the springs to prevent them from rusting and sticking. Use a silicone-based lubricant as it does not attract dirt and debris.
Balance Test: Test the balance of the garage door by disconnecting the opener and lifting the door manually. If the door is difficult to lift or falls quickly, it may indicate a problem with the springs. Call a professional to inspect and repair them.
Professional Inspection: Have a professional inspect the garage door and springs at least once a year. They can identify any issues and make necessary repairs.
Repair of Garage Door Springs
Garage door springs can break or become damaged over time, which can cause the door to malfunction or become dangerous. Here are some signs that indicate the need for garage door spring repair:
The door is difficult to lift or falls quickly.
The door makes loud or unusual noises when opening or closing.
The door is crooked or uneven when opening or closing.
The springs are visibly worn, rusted, or broken.
If you notice any of these signs, it’s important to call a professional to inspect and repair the springs. Attempting to repair the springs yourself can be dangerous and cause further damage to the door and opener.
Garage door springs are an essential component of garage doors. They help counterbalance the weight of the door, making it easier to open and close. There are two types of garage door springs, torsion springs, and extension springs, each with its own unique design and function. Regular maintenance of garage door springs can help extend their lifespan and prevent accidents, such as performing visual inspections, lubricating the springs, and testing the balance of the door. However, if the springs become damaged or broken, it’s important to call a professional for repair as attempting to repair them yourself can be dangerous.
In summary, understanding the basics of garage door springs is crucial for proper maintenance and safety. By following the tips outlined in this guide, homeowners can ensure their garage doors operate smoothly and safely for years to come. Remember to regularly inspect, lubricate, and test the balance of the garage door springs and call a professional if any issues arise.